Guide to charming chrysanthemums

The perfect ‘golden flower’ for warmth, colour and joy in your home.

First introduced in the 15th century in China as a flowering herb and later in Japan, this flower has been favourited for centuries – and rightly so! Chrysanthemums provide warmth and colour to any occasion, available all year round at a cheaper price tag and also have a long vase life.

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About

The ‘golden flower’ is actually a cluster of many flowers. There is one central group of short disk flowers surrounded by a ring of the longer ray flowers. This fantastic bloomer comes in different shapes and sizes, from spray, to disbudded to santini varieties. On the latter, the flowers are branched on the stem and are far more compact to give a unique look. If that wasn’t choice enough, there are also many different flower shapes, from incurved, reflexed, Intermediate, Late Flowering Anemones, Singles, Pom-pons, Sprays, Spiders/Spoons/Quills to Charms and Cascades.

Originally the colour of chrysanthemums was solely yellow, but as they have become so popular in the market, there is an incredible range of colours on offer, from the rich autumnal shades of warm gold, bronze and orange to the pretty in pink, purples and creams and now on to the bolder, dyed varieties… They never fail to amuse!

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Definition of disbudded: To produce large flowers, it is essential that each flower stem should be disbudded. This consists of removing all buds and side-shoots, just leaving the terminal (top) bud. Remove side-shoots when they are about 2cms (¾”) long. To produce a spray, do the opposite, remove the terminal bud and leave all the side buds. 

Types of Chrysanthemum

In the flower market, the chrysanthemum comes in a multitude of colour, variety to suit everyone! They are typically sold in wraps of 5, 10 or 25 stems. Here are a few of our favourites on offer…

Incurve: Typically known as the ‘Daddy’ of chrysanthemum blooms! The giant flower heads have the centre disk florets completely concealed. The petals curve up and around to reveal an outstanding domed bloom! These blooms are certainly a popular option, particularly in the Autumn season but never cheap! Good examples of incurve xanth blooms are: Astro, (bronze), Avignon, (peach), Fred Shoesmith, (cream), Green Wonder, (green), Marlen, (red), Migoli, (gold), Penza, (yellow), Rebonnet, (white), Riga, (yellow), Rivalry, (yellow), Taiga, (white) and Tom Pearce, bronze ).

 

Pom Pon: This category is almost perfectly globular in shape. The flower head is of a small size and the disk floret in the centre is completely covered with petals. They are regularly referred to as golf balls. Good examples of Balloon Xanth are: Balloon, (green), Bondini, (white), Boris Becker, (available in cream of yellow), Chenita, (yellow), Kiev, (red), and Kirov (red) and Perpignan, (pink).Spray: Just to add the confusion, there are sprays but they tend to be split into five further categories, from the smaller button shaped, to santini, daisy, double, right through to the larger spider blooms. The most common variety of spray, double white chrysanthemums,  tend to be used in basing funeral tributes and in flower arrangements. Good examples of double chrysant. include Arctic Queen, (white), Calabria, (available in pink & white), the Euro family, (available in pink, white & yellow ), and the Zembla family, (available in cream , white & yellow ).

Spider: A spiky looking bloom with green and white varieties extremely popular in wedding work. Some good examples are: the Anastasia family, (available in cream, green, pink, white, & yellow), Oxana, (white), Saffin, (bronze), Shamrock, (green) and Spider Spivio, (white).

Symbolism

The stylish chrysanthemum brings, whether your opting for the bloom or spray enrichs and brings colour into your home! The flower symbolizes fidelity, optimism, joy and long life – making it the perfect gift!

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Origin

The chrysanthemum has been incredibly popular in Asia for centuries. The flower originates in China and Japan, where they fell in love with it immediately and it arrived in Europe in around 1700. The  name derives from the Greek: Chrys ‘gold’ (the colour of the original flowers) and Anthemon ‘flower’. The name was given to the flower by Carolus Linnaeus, a Swedish naturalist who is also known as the father of modern taxonomy.

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Bouquet inspiration with chrysanthemums

Chrysanthemums like making friends. They are easy to combine with other fabulous flowers such as roses and anthuriums to create a cheerful and extravagant bouquet; it’s quite an explosion of colour. You can make the overall effect more robust by placing it in a rugged pot. If you like the look of this bouquet, you can make it yourself or ask your florist to help you.

Common White Varieties

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Top Tips

To get the best from your wholesale cut chrysanthemums please read the care instructions below carefully

  • Cut the stems at a 45 degree angle with a sharp knife.
  • Fill sterilised buckets with luke warm water. and add flower food.
  • Place the chrysanthemums in the buckets.
  • Leave over night to condition before using.
  • Never leave cut flowers in direct sun light, near a radiator, in a draft or near fruit. (The gas used to ripen fruit will harm most flowers). Keep the chrysanthemums in a cool place and always keep out of the way of children

 

Thank you for reading and enjoy your day!

For more information, visit our website: www.trianglenursery.co.uk or call our sales team at 01394 385 832.

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